Anthropologically speaking, human pre-history is divided up into certain segments, some minor and some major, but none more important than the division between the Pleistocene, which includes the time most popularly known as the ice age, and the Holocene, which is our current age for the past 10-12,00 years or so, a time following some major global cataclysms, upheavals, and mass extinctions. https://atlanteangardens.blogspot.com/2019/12/hidden-history-of-holocene-robert-sepehr.html
That said, we can further dissect the current Holocene into the neolithic, or stone age, when agriculture appears, or possibly re-appears, when the tools and weapons archeologists find are made from polished stone, starting at around 11 or 12 thousand years ago. This period is followed by the copper age at around 3500 BC – 2500 BC, an era of transition between the stone tool-using farmers of the Neolithic, and the metal-obsessed civilizations of the Bronze Age.
Could there have been a trans Atlantic copper trade in ancient times, and if so, who could have done it? Phoenician comes from the Greek word ‘phoinos’, meaning ‘red’.
Robert Sepehr is an anthropologist and author
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